Civil engineering is the field that involves planning, designing, constructing, maintaining, and supervising
the construction of structures, bridges, buildings, tunnels, etc. From huge dams to skyscrapers, from
suspension bridges to offshore drilling platforms, every physical concrete structure comes under civil
Civil engineering is one of the oldest branches and primary discipline of engineering. Civil engineering
has shaped the history of nations around the world from ancient times. The usage of civil engineering
dates back to ancient times as early as 3000 to 4000 BC. Pyramids in Egypt, Mesopotamia of Iraq, Stupas
of India and Sri Lanka, Great Wall of China, Colosseum in Rome, Temple of Claudius, and Taj Mahal are
just a few examples of flawless civil engineering skills. Some of the world’s oldest civilizations such as
Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro and Indus Valley Civilization are also the product of immaculate civil
The term ‘Civil Engineering’ was actually coined in the 18 th century and the term incorporated all things
civilian as opposed to military engineering. The first self-proclaimed civil engineer was John Smeaton. He
constructed the Eddystone Lighthouse and is also known as the ‘Father of Civil Engineering’.
Civil Engineers:
Civil engineers are people who construct, design, supervise, operate and maintain large construction
projects and systems. They perform all the functions involved in the construction process. They plan,
design and analyze each and every part of the structure before starting the actual construction. They do
so by working closely with other professionals such as architects, consultants, contractors and suppliers.
Various projects undertaken by them include high-rise buildings, metros, roads, harbors, airports,
tunnels, bridges, dams, sewage systems and water supply, to name just a few! Civil engineers have
indeed made tremendous contributions to maintain and improve the standard of living, safety and
public health.